A flooded basement is quite a common problem in many households, and in many cases, people consider it a lost cause. Fixing up a flooded basement can be costly, and it really should not come as a surprise that people want to give up on it entirely.
However, by doing that, you are effectively cutting off your home space by a large margin. Think of it this way; if you have a proper basement, you could use the area for a small workshop, storage, or even make a man cave if you want. But if it is flooded, you do not have much of an option.
But what if there was a cost-effective way to tackle this issue? It might sound too good to be true, but a sump pump is a quick and effective way to ensure that flooding is no longer a problem in your home.
In this article, we will give you a complete overview of how you can install different sump pumps for your house to keep the moisture and water level in your home in check.
How to Install a Submersible Well Pump
Submersible well pumps might be the most common form of a sump pump you can find on the market. Although the installation of this type of machine is better left for the professionals, if you are a quick study, you should have no trouble with it. And since you have us to guide you through the steps, it will be quick and effortless.
Submersible Well Pump Installation
Before we proceed, you need to know that a submersible well pump requires a well. It does not go inside your house as the pedestal sump pump does. So if you have a well near your house, it is a good option.
Inspection and Preparation
The first step to setting up your submersible well pump is to inspect the well. You need to check the depth of the well, the water level, and the distance from the ground to the bottom. Remember, you need to submerge the pump completely. In some cases, you might even need to increase the well depth.
Furthermore, make sure there is no external damage to the well. If you find any problems, you need to fix it beforehand. You also need to look at the parts that come with your submersible well pump. The drop cable, for instance, is a vital component, and you need to ensure that everything is good to go.
Fitting the motor and connecting the drop cable
The next step is to fit the motor in the pump. Make sure you do not use any other lubricants other than the grease that comes with your purchase. The motor should fit the pump without any hassle. While fixing the motor, carefully seal the splined shaft. For effective results, lay poly pipe with tapes during the fitting process.
Connecting the drop cable is also quite straightforward. However, you must make sure that it is a tight fit. There should not be any point where water can get into the pump. You could invest in some stainless-steel clamps to make sure the drop cable stays tightly attached.
Assemble the pump
With the basic connections done, you need to assemble the pump. It is best to do this near the well as you do not have to worry about transport. Make sure everything is fitted in place and consult the instruction manual if you need to. If the assembly goes smoothly, your pump will last a long time.
When dropping your pump, roll down the drop cable along with it. Double-check if the drop cable is connected to the rising main. It would be best if the safety cable you use stainless steel. Furthermore, check if you connected the safety cable to the bore cap end before dropping the pump in the well.
Turn on the pump
After following all the steps correctly, all that is left to do is connecting the power supply and turning it on. However, before you do that, you should go over the connections to check if everything is where it is supposed to be. If yes, you can hook it up to the main power line and turn it on.
Give the pump some time to push the water to the surface during the first run. You should also test out different components, such as pump control and pump protection devices. If everything is working properly, you now have a functional submersible well pump installed.
Video guide for Installing a Submersible Well Pump
How to Install a Battery Backup Sump Pump
If you live in an area with frequent power outages, your normal sump pump will not serve you well. In those cases, you would want to install a battery backup sump pump.
As the unit does not rely on running power, you do not have to worry about power outages and blackouts.
Battery Backup Sump Pump Installation
Battery backup sump pump installation is not that difficult. Especially since it involves you already owning a sump pump, it is just a matter of taking it out and making some minor modifications.
It is not a primary pump but rather a backup system in case your primary pump fails due to power outages. You need a primary sump pump installed for this unit to work effectively.
The entire installation process of a battery backup sump pump is given below:
The first step is to unplug your old sump pump. You also need to remove it from the sump pit before you can start working on it. Look at the check valve and notice the threads. That is where you need to apply some Teflon tape and then tighten it to the side of your battery-powered sump pump.
Next, take your battery-powered pump and wrap the threads using some Teflon tape. Tighten it well onto the check valve. If you are done, you can place them in the sump pit.
Then, you need to take a PVC pipe and use it to make a discharge pipe. Make sure it is 1.5 inches in diameter. Glue the pipe and fittings and attach it to your old pump’s discharge pipe. Make sure to use stainless steel clamps and water-proof rubber connectors when making the connection.
You need a 12-volt marine battery for this project. Place it inside a plastic box to protect it from water and set it down on a nearby shelf. Then plug one end of the electrical cable to the outlet of the battery and the other end to the primary of the sump pump.
Voila, you are done with the installation. Test the pump, and everything should be in working order.
Video guide for Installing a Battery Backup Sump Pump
How to Install a Water Powered Sump Pump
Another great backup system for your existing electrical sump pump is the water-powered sump pump. Since it does not even rely on batteries, you do not need to worry about anything.
All you need to worry about is setting it up properly, and it will continue to do its job in the background without you having to worry about it.
Water Powered Sump Pump Installation
This project might be a bit on the harder side, so make sure you follow our instructions carefully. It will also help if you go through the owner’s manual of your product before you start.
Here are the steps to installing a water-powered sump pump.
First, you need to install two 3-foot long cleats on the wall above your existing pump. Make sure they are held tightly on the wall using screws. Your water powered sump pump should come with some mounting accessories which you will need to use to attach it to the cleats.
When setting the backup pump, make sure the float rests slightly higher than the primary pump. Then you have to tap into a cold-water line and rune a copper pipe of ¾ inch diameter to the water-powered pump’s control valve.
You need to solder the connection with a propane torch. If you do not have any prior experience with soldering, we strongly recommend you ask for help.
After that, you need to disconnect the main pump and drain the water from it. Then cut the discharge pipe of the unit and attach it to a PVC discharge pipe running to the water-powered pump.
You also need to install a check valve on the backup pump. Then, you need to take apart the backflow preventer and clear out any solder from the water valve. Finally, you can turn on the primary pump after filling the pit with water.
That is, it. And now you have a functional water-powered backup sump pump ready to kick in when the water level rises to a certain level.
Video guide for Installing a Water Powered Sump Pump
How to Install a Pedestal Sump Pump
A pedestal sump pump is a primary pump that helps keep water away from your basement.The installation process is not all that difficult, and with some basic knowledge of the tools, you can handle it yourself. So, without further ado, let us dive in.
Pedestal Sump Pump Installation
If you have any pre-existing sump pump in your basement, you need to remove it first. Since it is a stand-alone pump, you need a free sump pit to place it in. Additionally, make sure the electric line is disconnected to prevent any accidents.
Clean the sump before you start your installation. It is natural for debris and dust to build up over time, and you want a clean working space. Make sure the depth of the pit is at least 24 inches, which is the minimum for this type of pump. The floor also needs to be level without any slanting.
First, you need to thread a PVC adapter in the discharge outlet. Make sure the size of the adapter matches the outlet and tighten it using a wrench or a pair of pliers. Then slowly lower the pump to the correct position so that you can measure the distance from the pipe to the exterior.
Take the pump out and use a hacksaw to cut out a PVC pipe according to the required length. Use a knife to clean up the edges of the pipe and then attach it to the adapter using cement. Make sure you give enough time for the joint to settle properly.
Now you need to install the float switch. The installation process of the float switch varies from one model to another. So, it is best to consult the instruction manual for this step. It should be quite self-explanatory.
Then you need to align the discharge pipe with the outlet line and install the check valve. Make sure you use a flexible connector to connect the outlet line. In addition, check to see if the float can move freely. You need to give it enough space to move so that the pump can kick in.
Then all you have to do is plug in the pump. Use a grounded dedicated outlet and make sure it has enough protection against electrical surges. It is best not to use extension cables to connect your pedestal sump pump.
You can now fill the sump with water to see if the pump is working correctly. To correctly adjust the float switch, you should consult the owners’ manual.
How to Install a Sump Pump in a Crawl Space
Now the basement might not always be the issue for everyone, but instead, the crawl space under the house might get flooded. You might think it is not an issue since nobody goes there, but it might severely weaken the integrity of your house. Just a basic sump pump in your crawl space can avert this danger indefinitely.
Crawl Space Sump Pump Installation
Before you can start installing the sump pump in your crawl space, you need proper planning. You need to find a determine where the sump basin will go. It has to be near an outlet for power and also should be in a central position too. You also need to decide where the hole would be for the carrying pipe.
If you have everything sorted, we can move on to the installation process.
Installing a crawl space pump requires a lot of digging. You need to dig the sump basin, and also a pit for the drainage pipe. Be careful that you do not ruin the foundation of your home in the process.
Take a look at your sump pump and check if it has any drainage holes. If it does not, you need to bore some yourself. But in most cases, the drainage holes should already be there.
Making sure the base lines up with the gravel, you can start placing the seepage pipe. Afterward, you can use the gravel to cover up the rest of the hole around the basin. You should have around 2 inches above the gravel left.
With the sump basin in check, you can drop your pump in. Make all the plumbing connections you need by consulting the owners’ manual. You can bore a hole in the PVC pipe to facilitate an easier flow of water. It is called a weep hole, and ideally, you want to drill it at least 6 inches away from the pump joint.
Then you can simply cover up your sump pump and make the rest of the connections. Until now, you have made all the connections to the pump. Now it is time to take care of the outlets. You also need to run a pipe to the discharge line.
Now you can make the connections to the power lines but do not turn it on yet. Instead, make sure the discharge line is connected using a PVC pipe. As per your region law, you might also need to ventilate the plumbing system.
If everything is connected properly, you can then surround your pump with some gravel. You might need to drill a hole to allow the drainage line to pass through it. The pipe should not be closer than four inches to your house.
Now you can simply turn up the power and bring your system to life. If you followed all the steps correctly, your crawl space should now be fully protected from flooding.
Video guide for Installing a Crawl Space Sump Pump
Flooding is a very serious issue in any household. Apart from taking over your space, it can destroy your belongings and invite mold and mildew. It should not be left unchecked under any condition as prolonged exposure to floodwater can severely impact the integrity of your house.
With a sump pump, all your trouble can go away. Since they are relatively inexpensive, almost anyone can afford it without too much trouble. Although the installation cost might be a bit high, with our handy guide, you can take care of it yourself without too much hassle.
We hope our article on how to install a sump pump could lend a hand in your fight against floodwater building up in your basement or crawl space.